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There shall be three levels of Courts of Justice, viz, Courts
of First Instance, Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Justice, except
otherwise provided by this Constitution or other laws.
There shall be in the Supreme Court of Justice a Criminal Division for Persons Holding Political Positions the quorum of which consists of nine judges of the Supreme Court of Justice holding a position of not lower than Judge of the Supreme Court of Justice and elected at a general meeting of the Supreme Court
of Justice by secret ballot and on a case-by-case basis.
The competence of the Supreme Court of Justice?s Criminal Division for Persons Holding Political Positions and the criminal procedure for such persons shall be as provided by this Constitution and the organic law on criminal procedure for persons holding political positions.
The appointment and removal from office of a judge of a Court
of Justice must be approved by the Judicial Commission of the Courts of Justice
before they are tendered to the King.
The promotion, increase of salaries and punishment of judges of the Courts of Justice must be approved by the Judicial Commission of the Courts of Justice. For this purpose, the Judicial Commission of the Courts of Justice shall appoint a sub-committee in each level of Courts for preparing and presenting its opinion on such matter for consideration.
The Judicial Commission of the Courts of Justice consists
of the following persons:
(1) President of the Supreme Court of Justice as Chairman;
(2) twelve qualified members of all levels of Courts, four persons from each level, who are judges of each level of Courts and elected by judicial officials of all levels of Courts;
(3) two qualified members who are not or were not judicial officials and who are elected by the Senate.
The qualifications, prohibitions and procedure for the election of the qualified members shall be in accordance with the provisions of the law.
The Courts of Justice shall have an independent secretariat,
with the Secretary-General of the Office of the Courts of Justice as the superior
responsible directly to the President of the Supreme Court of Justice.
The appointment of the Secretary-General of the Office of the Courts of Justice must be approved by the Judicial Commission of the Courts of Justice.
The Office of the Courts of Justice shall have autonomy in personnel administration, budget and other activities as provided by law. More on Constitution of the kingdom of Thailand, B.E. 2540 :
CHAPTER I - General Provisions 1-7
CHAPTER II - Amendment of the Constitution 8-25
CHAPTER III - Rights and Liberties of the Thai People 26-65
CHAPTER IV - Duties of the Thai People 66-70
CHAPTER V - Directive Principles of Fundamental State Policies 71-89
CHAPTER VI - The National Assembly
Part 1 General Provisions 90-97
Part 2 The House of Representatives 98-120
Part 3 The Senate 121-135
Part 4 Election Commission 136-148
Part 5 Provisions Applicable to both Houses 149-192
Part 6 Joint Sittings of the National Assembly 193-195
Part 7 Ombudsmen 196-198
Part 8 The National Human Rights Commission 199-200
CHAPTER VII - The Council of Ministers 201-212
CHAPTER VIII The Courts
Part 1 General Provisions 233-254
Part 2 Constitutional Court 255-270
Part 3 Courts of Justice 271-275
Part 4 Administrative Courts 276-280
Part 5 Military Courts 281
CHAPTER IX Local Government 282-290
CHAPTER X Inspection of the Exercise of State Power
Part 1 Declaration of Accounts Showing Particulars of Assets and Liabilities 291-296
Part 2 The National Counter Corruption Commission 297-302
Part 3 The Removal from Office 303-307
Part 4 Criminal Proceedings Against Persons Holding Political Positions 308-311
CHAPTER XI State Audit 312
CHAPTER XII Amendment of the Constitution Transitory Provisions 313
Transitory Provisions 314-336
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Created: September 1, 1995 - Last updated: February 17, 2011